Dr. ORAWAN Medical Center

Understanding Acne: Causes, Differences from Pimples, and Treatment

Acne is a common inflammatory skin disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. It occurs when hair follicles, housing tiny sebaceous glands that produce sebum (an oily substance that prevents skin from drying out), become clogged with a combination of oil and dead skin cells. This blockage leads to the development of various skin imperfections, including whiteheads, blackheads, and pimples.

What are Acne?

Acne, in essence, is an inflammatory condition of the skin driven by the presence of sebaceous glands in hair follicles. These glands secrete sebum to maintain the skin’s moisture and health. However, when hair follicles become obstructed by a mixture of oil and dead skin cells, sebum becomes trapped beneath the skin’s surface. This leads to the formation of bothersome blemishes such as whiteheads, blackheads, and pimples.

Are acne and pimples the same?

No, acne and pimples are not synonymous. Acne is a broader skin condition that involves the hair follicles and sebaceous glands. Pimples, on the other hand, are specific skin imperfections that develop when a pore becomes blocked. Think of pimples as a symptom of acne, one of its many manifestations.

 What does Acne mean on your face?

Acne’s appearance on the face can provide valuable insights into its underlying causes:

Hairline and Temples: This type of acne is often triggered by products that prevent the natural excretion of skin oils, trapping them within pores.

T-Zone (Forehead and Nose): Stress, inadequate rest, and an excess of skin oil can contribute to acne in this area.

Cheeks: Acne on the cheeks may result from factors like friction (e.g., from pillowcases) or the transfer of bacteria from hands and their surroundings.

Jawline: Hormonal imbalances are frequently associated with acne along the jawline.

Are Acne scars permanent?

Fortunately, acne scars need not be permanent blemishes on your skin. A variety of effective treatments exist to reduce or even remove these scars, making them less noticeable. These treatments include laser therapy, fillers, and micro-needling. Seeking professional advice from a dermatologist can help you determine the most suitable treatment plan for your specific needs.